The 103-year-old mystery of an unknown New Zealand Army captain buried in a cemetery in Belgium has been solved.
Grave I.E.20 at the Dochy Farm New British Cemetery has been confirmed as the final resting-place of Captain Ernest Charles Parry, 1st Battalion Auckland Infantry Regiment, who was killed on 6 October, 1917, during the Battle of Passchendaele. Captain Parry, of Paeroa, is commemorated on the New Zealand Tyne Cot Memorial to the Missing and until now, had no known grave.
Confirmation of Captain Parry’s grave came after a painstaking review of historical material by New Zealand Defence Force (NZDF) historians, after an initial case was put forward by overseas researchers. The NZDF team found evidence that the bodies of Captain Parry and Sergeant Donald McLean were found lying close together by other members of their battalion on 6 October 1917.
NZDF historian Matthew Buck said the identification of Captain Parry’s grave was based on two key sources.
“We had some pages added to the war diary of his battalion, and a letter from one of his comrades published in the Ohinemuri Gazette in 1917,” he said.
“It’s unlikely that either would have been found if it wasn’t for the digitisation programmes carried out recently by Archives New Zealand and the National Library.
“We’re also very much indebted to the work of other researchers, who had made submissions to the Commonwealth War Graves Commission that Grave I.E.20 contained Captain Parry.”
After the bodies were found, it appears that the two men were buried close together on the battlefield. After the war, however, when the bodies were recovered for reburial at Dochy Farm New British Cemetery, the graves concentration unit was only able to identify Sergeant McLean and an ‘unknown New Zealand captain’.
“We then had to eliminate the possibility that the grave was one of five other New Zealand infantry captains killed in the same area who had no known grave,” Mr Buck said.
There are 6290 members of the New Zealand Armed Forces who served during the First World War listed on memorials erected to those with no known graves. Given the considerable uncertainty typically surrounding such cases, a positive identification based purely on archival research is extremely rare.
The Commonwealth War Graves Commission said that Captain Parry’s is the first successful identification case for a New Zealand casualty that it was aware of.
Captain Parry had two young sons and his wife, Mary Okara Parry, wrote movingly of the difficulties of bringing up two young children on her own after the death of her husband.
The sons both served in the Royal New Zealand Air Force in the Second World War. Tragically one of them, Flight Sergeant Joseph Stewart Parry, was killed on active operations flying with the Royal Air Force’s 99 Squadron on 29 September 1941, and has no known grave.
Flight Sergeant Parry’s bomber crashed into the sea a few kilometres north of Amsterdam while returning to Cambridgeshire after a raid on Genoa. The bodies of three of the six-man crew washed ashore later on the Dutch coast and were buried, but the other three, including Flight Sergeant Parry, were never found. They are commemorated on the Runnymede Memorial in Surrey, England.
The Commonwealth War Graves Commission will replace the headstone marking Grave I.E.20 at the Dochy Farm cemetery to show that it is the grave of Captain Parry. His name will remain on the New Zealand Tyne Cot Memorial to the Missing, because the policy is that names are not removed once they have been engraved into the Memorial.
The Commission commemorates the 1.7 million Commonwealth servicemen and women who died during the two World Wars. Using an extensive archive, the Commission works with partner organisations to recover, investigate, and identify those with no known grave, to give them the dignity of burial and the commemoration they deserve.
The Commission publishes a list of cases on its website, at the bottom of the Commemorations page: https://www.cwgc.org/find-records/commemorations/(external link)
There is also a section on identification cases and a list of completed and ongoing cases at https://www.cwgc.org/find-records/commemorations/open-case-files/(external link)
Researchers wishing to submit a case for the identification of the grave of a casualty who is currently commemorated on one of the commission’s Memorials to the Missing should go to https://www.cwgc.org/find-records/commemorations/id-case-form/(external link)